Aims: To analyze the incidence, treatment strategies and outcomes of acute coronary syndromes (ACS) in Czech population.
Methods and results: ACS diagnosis was confirmed in 1345 of 1921 (70%) consecutively admitted patients with suspected ACS. ACS incidence was 3248 cases/million/year and the annual incidence of confirmed myocardial infarction was 1960 per million. In-hospital mortality was 5.1% (10.0% with Q-MI, 4.4% with non-Q-MI, and 0.9% with UAP). Coronary angiography was performed in 92% of STEMI (followed by primary PCI in 83%, by CABG in 3%, by conservative therapy in 6%). Thrombolysis was used in only 1% of patients. Reperfusion therapy was thus used in 87% of all STEMI patients. Discharge medication included aspirin in 95%, a statin in 76%, a beta-blocker in 78%, an ACE inhibitor in 50%, clopidogrel in 60%, and ticlopidine in 4% of patients.
Conclusions: In-hospital mortality of ACS in the Czech network of PCI and non-PCI hospitals is low. Nationwide application of primary PCI strategy for STEMI is feasible and increases the overall use of reperfusion therapy.