Magnetic resonance angiographic demonstration of carotid-cavernous fistula using elliptical centric time resolved imaging of contrast kinetics (EC-TRICKS)

Magn Reson Imaging. 2007 Oct;25(8):1227-31. doi: 10.1016/j.mri.2007.02.009. Epub 2007 Apr 18.


Magnetic resonance angiographic evaluation of the intracranial vasculature has been predominantly carried out using conventional angiographic techniques such as time of flight and phase contrast sequences. These techniques have good spatial resolution but lack temporal resolution. Newer faster angiographic techniques have been developed to circumvent this limitation. Elliptical centric time-resolved imaging of contrast kinetics (EC-TRICKS) is one such technique which has combined the use of elliptical centric ordering of the k-space with multiphase 3D digital subtraction MR angiogram (MRA) to achieve excellent temporal resolution of the arterial and venous circulations. Its applications have been mainly in the peripheral vasculature. We report the use of this technique in a case of a high-flow, direct carotid-cavernous fistula to demonstrate its potential in intracranial MR angiography.

Publication types

  • Case Reports

MeSH terms

  • Adult
  • Carotid-Cavernous Sinus Fistula / diagnosis*
  • Contrast Media
  • Female
  • Gadolinium*
  • Humans
  • Image Enhancement / methods*
  • Magnetic Resonance Angiography / methods*


  • Contrast Media
  • Gadolinium