Oxidative Stress and Increased eNOS and NADPH Oxidase Expression in Mouse Microvessel Endothelial Cells

J Cell Physiol. 2007 Sep;212(3):682-9. doi: 10.1002/jcp.21063.

Abstract

Elevated oxidative stress plays a key role in diabetes-associated vascular disease. In this study, we tested the hypothesis that high glucose-induced oxidative stress was associated with changes in the expression of NADPH oxidase, superoxide dismutase (SOD) and endothelial nitric oxide synthase (eNOS). Oxidative stress was assessed in cell cultures of mouse microvessel endothelial cells (MMECs) by fluorescence labelling with dihydroethidium, lucigenin-enhanced chemiluminescence and determining NADPH oxidase subunit and eNOS expression with real-time polymerase chain reaction protocol and Western blotting. Oxidative stress and expression of the NADPH oxidase subunit, p22phox, were both increased, SOD1 and 3 expression lowered and eNOS significantly elevated in MMECs treated with 40 mM glucose for 72 h compared to low glucose medium. Oxidative stress, p22phox mRNA, eNOS mRNA, and protein were lowered by concurrent incubation with sepiapterin. When eNOS protein expression in endothelial cells was significantly decreased by eNOS siRNA treatment, superoxide generation was significantly higher in the MMECs grown in low glucose, but reduced in those grown in high glucose for 72 h. Thus, exposure of MMECs to high glucose results in increased oxidative stress that is associated with increased eNOS and NADPH oxidase subunit expression, notably p22phox, and decreased expression of SOD1 and 3.

Publication types

  • Comparative Study
  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Acetophenones / pharmacology
  • Alkaloids / pharmacology
  • Animals
  • Benzophenanthridines / pharmacology
  • Cells, Cultured
  • Cytochrome b Group / antagonists & inhibitors
  • Cytochrome b Group / genetics
  • Cytochrome b Group / metabolism*
  • Dose-Response Relationship, Drug
  • Endothelial Cells / drug effects
  • Endothelial Cells / enzymology
  • Endothelial Cells / metabolism*
  • Enzyme Inhibitors / pharmacology
  • Gene Expression Regulation, Enzymologic
  • Glucose / metabolism*
  • Glucose / pharmacology
  • Mice
  • Microcirculation / cytology
  • Microcirculation / enzymology
  • Microcirculation / metabolism
  • NADPH Oxidase 4
  • NADPH Oxidases / antagonists & inhibitors
  • NADPH Oxidases / genetics
  • NADPH Oxidases / metabolism*
  • NG-Nitroarginine Methyl Ester / pharmacology
  • Nitric Oxide / metabolism
  • Nitric Oxide Synthase Type II / antagonists & inhibitors
  • Nitric Oxide Synthase Type II / genetics
  • Nitric Oxide Synthase Type II / metabolism*
  • Nitric Oxide Synthase Type III
  • Oxidative Stress* / drug effects
  • Protein Kinase C / antagonists & inhibitors
  • Protein Kinase C / metabolism
  • Pterins / pharmacology
  • RNA Interference
  • RNA, Messenger / metabolism
  • RNA, Small Interfering / metabolism
  • Superoxide Dismutase / metabolism
  • Superoxide Dismutase-1
  • Superoxides / metabolism
  • Transfection

Substances

  • Acetophenones
  • Alkaloids
  • Benzophenanthridines
  • Cytochrome b Group
  • Enzyme Inhibitors
  • Pterins
  • RNA, Messenger
  • RNA, Small Interfering
  • Superoxides
  • Nitric Oxide
  • acetovanillone
  • sepiapterin
  • chelerythrine
  • Nitric Oxide Synthase Type II
  • Nitric Oxide Synthase Type III
  • Nos3 protein, mouse
  • Sod1 protein, mouse
  • Sod3 protein, mouse
  • Superoxide Dismutase
  • Superoxide Dismutase-1
  • superoxide dismutase 2
  • NADPH Oxidase 4
  • NADPH Oxidases
  • Nox4 protein, mouse
  • p22(phox) protein, mouse
  • Protein Kinase C
  • Glucose
  • NG-Nitroarginine Methyl Ester