Alpha-substituted phosphonate analogues of lysophosphatidic acid (LPA) selectively inhibit production and action of LPA

ChemMedChem. 2007 May;2(5):679-90. doi: 10.1002/cmdc.200600280.


Isoform-selective agonists and antagonists of the lysophosphatidic acid (LPA) G-protein-coupled receptors (GPCRs) have important potential applications in cell biology and therapy. LPA GPCRs regulate cancer cell proliferation, invasion, angiogenesis, and biochemical resistance to chemotherapy- and radiotherapy-induced apoptosis. LPA and its analogues are also feedback inhibitors of the enzyme lysophospholipase D (lysoPLD, also known as autotaxin), a central regulator of invasion and metastasis. For cancer therapy, the ideal therapeutic profile would be a metabolically stabilized pan-LPA receptor antagonist that also inhibits lysoPLD. Herein we describe the synthesis of a series of novel alpha-substituted methylene phosphonate analogues of LPA. Each of these analogues contains a hydrolysis-resistant phosphonate mimic of the labile monophosphate of natural LPA. The pharmacological properties of these phosphono-LPA analogues were characterized in terms of LPA receptor subtype-specific agonist and antagonist activity using Ca(2+) mobilization assays in RH7777 and CHO cells expressing the individual LPA GPCRs. In particular, the methylene phosphonate LPA analogue is a selective LPA(2) agonist, whereas the corresponding alpha-hydroxymethylene phosphonate is a selective LPA(3) agonist. Most importantly, the alpha-bromomethylene and alpha-chloromethylene phosphonates show pan-LPA receptor subtype antagonist activity. The alpha-bromomethylene phosphonates are the first reported antagonists for the LPA(4) GPCR. Each of the alpha-substituted methylene phosphonates inhibits lysoPLD, with the unsubstituted methylene phosphonate showing the most potent inhibition. Finally, unlike many LPA analogues, none of these compounds activate the intracellular LPA receptor PPARgamma.

Publication types

  • Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural
  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Animals
  • CHO Cells
  • Cricetinae
  • Cricetulus
  • Lysophospholipids / chemical synthesis
  • Lysophospholipids / chemistry*
  • Lysophospholipids / metabolism
  • Organophosphonates / chemistry*


  • Lysophospholipids
  • Organophosphonates
  • lysophosphatidic acid