Facilitating quality improvement in physician management of comorbid chronic disease in an urban minority practice

J Natl Med Assoc. 2007 Apr;99(4):377-83.

Abstract

Context: Increasing numbers of patients with multiple chronic conditions present in the primary care setting and pose a challenge to physicians who must cope with competing demands while adhering to clinical practice guidelines.

Purpose: We tested a chart audit tool to assess how physicians are managing patients with multiple comorbidities in an inner-city family medicine practice serving minority patients.

Methods: We developed an evidence-based comorbidity chart audit tool that captures the number of diagnosed, coexisting general medical conditions and adherence to key clinical practice guidelines for each condition. A randomized chart audit was undertaken, with one in every five charts selected, yielding a total of 314 patient charts.

Findings: The majority of patients (59%) had > or = 2 comorbid chronic conditions, and 32% had > or = 3 comorbid chronic conditions. The highest overall adherence to guidelines was for chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (90%) and asthma (80%), followed by congestive heart failure (75%) and coronary artery disease (58%). For all other conditions, overall adherence to guidelines was < or = 50%.

Conclusions: The chart review tool identified inconsistencies in adherence to guidelines across multiple diagnosed conditions, suggesting the importance of adopting a patient-centered approach to management as well as prevention.

MeSH terms

  • African Americans*
  • Aged
  • Chronic Disease / ethnology*
  • Chronic Disease / prevention & control*
  • Comorbidity
  • Evidence-Based Medicine
  • Family Practice / standards*
  • Female
  • Guideline Adherence / statistics & numerical data*
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Medical Audit*
  • Middle Aged
  • New York / epidemiology
  • Pilot Projects
  • Primary Health Care / standards*
  • Program Evaluation
  • Quality Assurance, Health Care*
  • Urban Health Services / standards*