Epidemiology and risk factors for spine pain

Neurol Clin. 2007 May;25(2):353-71. doi: 10.1016/j.ncl.2007.01.004.


Low back and neck pain is a common problem and one of enormous social, psychologic, and economic burden. It is estimated that 15% to 20% of adults have back pain during a single year and 50% to 80% experience at least one episode of back pain during a lifetime. Low back pain afflicts all ages, from adolescents to the elderly, and is a major cause of disability in the adult working population. Risk factors for developing spine pain are multidimensional; physical attributes, socioeconomic status, general medical health and psychologic state, and occupational environmental factors all contribute to the risk for experiencing pain.

Publication types

  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Cost of Illness
  • Depressive Disorder / epidemiology
  • Health Status
  • Humans
  • Job Satisfaction
  • Low Back Pain / epidemiology
  • Low Back Pain / physiopathology
  • Obesity / epidemiology
  • Occupational Diseases / epidemiology
  • Pain / epidemiology*
  • Pain / physiopathology*
  • Prevalence
  • Risk Factors
  • Smoking / epidemiology
  • Spine / anatomy & histology
  • Spine / physiopathology*