Development of a multi-mimotope peptide as a vaccine immunogen for infectious bursal disease virus

Vaccine. 2007 May 30;25(22):4447-55. doi: 10.1016/j.vaccine.2007.03.018. Epub 2007 Mar 26.

Abstract

To explore the mimotope vaccine approach against infectious bursal disease virus (IBDV), five IBDV-specific monoclonal antibodies (mAbs) were prepared and their binding peptides were screened against a phage-displayed 12-mer peptide library. After three rounds of biopanning, 12 phages were selected for each mAbs and their specificity to IBDV was verified by sandwich and competitive inhibition ELISAs. Seven phages per mAb were sequenced and their amino acid sequences were deduced. The five representative sequences of mimotopes corresponding mAbs were determined. An artificial gene, designated 5epis (5 epitopes) and consisting of the five mimotopes arranged in tandem (F1-F7-B34-2B1-2G8) with four GGGS spacers, was chemically synthesized and cloned into a prokaryotic expression plasmid pET28b. The protein, designated r5EPIS, was efficiently expressed in Escherichia coli and showed a size of 10kDa in SDS-PAGE. The r5EPIS protein reacted with anti-IBDV mAbs and polyclonal antibodies in Western blot immunoassays. Immunization of SPF chickens with r5EPIS protein (with Freund adjuvant, 50mug per injection on day 0 and 14) evoked high levels of antibody (12,800 by ELISA/1600 by virus neutralizing assay at day 21) and protected 100% of the chickens against a challenge of 200 ELD(50) of IBDV GX8/99 strain, which sharply contrasted with the, respectively, 13.3% and 6.6% survival rate in the adjuvant group and the untreated group. The multi-mimotope protein r5EPIS promises to be a novel subunit vaccine candidate for IBDV.

Publication types

  • Evaluation Study
  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Amino Acid Sequence
  • Animals
  • Antibodies, Monoclonal / immunology
  • Antibodies, Viral / blood
  • Birnaviridae Infections / immunology
  • Birnaviridae Infections / prevention & control*
  • Birnaviridae Infections / virology
  • Chickens
  • Epitopes, T-Lymphocyte / cerebrospinal fluid
  • Epitopes, T-Lymphocyte / chemistry
  • Epitopes, T-Lymphocyte / genetics
  • Epitopes, T-Lymphocyte / immunology*
  • Infectious bursal disease virus / immunology*
  • Mice
  • Mice, Inbred BALB C
  • Molecular Mimicry
  • Molecular Sequence Data
  • Peptide Fragments / chemical synthesis
  • Peptide Fragments / chemistry
  • Peptide Fragments / genetics
  • Peptide Fragments / immunology*
  • Peptide Library
  • Poultry Diseases / immunology
  • Poultry Diseases / prevention & control
  • Poultry Diseases / virology
  • Rabbits
  • Viral Proteins / chemical synthesis
  • Viral Proteins / chemistry*
  • Viral Proteins / genetics
  • Viral Proteins / immunology*
  • Viral Vaccines / chemistry
  • Viral Vaccines / immunology*

Substances

  • Antibodies, Monoclonal
  • Antibodies, Viral
  • Epitopes, T-Lymphocyte
  • Peptide Fragments
  • Peptide Library
  • Viral Proteins
  • Viral Vaccines