Health effects of mold in children

Pediatr Clin North Am. 2007 Apr;54(2):309-33, viii-ix. doi: 10.1016/j.pcl.2007.02.001.

Abstract

Mold is ubiquitous, and exposure to mold and its products of metabolism is unavoidable, whether indoors or outdoors. Mold can produce a variety of adverse health outcomes by four scientifically validated pathophysiologic mechanisms: hypersensitivity, toxicity, infection, and irritation. Some adverse health outcomes have been attributed to mold for which mechanisms of injury are not well defined or are implausible. This article discusses these adverse health outcomes, focusing predominantly on those for which valid associations have been established.

Publication types

  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Air Pollution, Indoor / adverse effects
  • Air Pollution, Indoor / prevention & control*
  • Air Pollution, Indoor / statistics & numerical data
  • Asthma / epidemiology
  • Asthma / etiology
  • Asthma / prevention & control
  • Causality
  • Child
  • Child Welfare* / statistics & numerical data
  • Environmental Microbiology
  • Environmental Monitoring
  • Epidemiological Monitoring
  • Evidence-Based Medicine
  • Fungi* / growth & development
  • Health Status
  • Housing
  • Humans
  • Humidity
  • Hypersensitivity, Delayed / epidemiology
  • Hypersensitivity, Delayed / etiology
  • Hypersensitivity, Delayed / prevention & control*
  • Hypersensitivity, Immediate / epidemiology
  • Hypersensitivity, Immediate / etiology
  • Hypersensitivity, Immediate / prevention & control*
  • Inhalation Exposure / adverse effects
  • Inhalation Exposure / prevention & control*
  • Inhalation Exposure / statistics & numerical data
  • Pediatrics / methods
  • United States / epidemiology