Interoceptive awareness, anxiety and cardiovascular reactivity to isometric exercise

Int J Psychophysiol. 2007 Aug;65(2):167-73. doi: 10.1016/j.ijpsycho.2007.03.005. Epub 2007 Mar 14.


The present study was designed to investigate the relation between cardiovascular reactivity, trait anxiety and the interoceptive awareness. Eighteen male subjects underwent a heartbeat perception task and performed an isometric handgrip exercise. Subjects with high reactivity showed a higher degree of interoceptive awareness and trait anxiety suggesting that a habitually increased sympathetic outflow might be one variable contributing to the establishment of high interoceptive awareness and trait anxiety.

Publication types

  • Clinical Trial
  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Adult
  • Analysis of Variance
  • Anxiety / physiopathology*
  • Anxiety / rehabilitation
  • Area Under Curve
  • Awareness / physiology*
  • Blood Pressure / physiology
  • Cardiovascular Physiological Phenomena*
  • Exercise*
  • Hand Strength / physiology
  • Heart Rate
  • Humans
  • Male