Evaluation of a stereoscopic camera-based three-dimensional viewing workstation for ophthalmic surgery

Am J Ophthalmol. 2007 May;143(5):891-2. doi: 10.1016/j.ajo.2006.12.032.


Purpose: To evaluate the effectiveness of a prototype stereoscopic camera-based viewing system (Digital Microsurgical Workstation, three-dimensional (3D) Vision Systems, Irvine, California, USA) for anterior and posterior segment ophthalmic surgery.

Design: Institutional-based prospective study.

Methods: Anterior and posterior segment surgeons performed designated standardized tasks on porcine eyes after training on prosthetic plastic eyes.

Results: Both anterior and posterior segment surgeons were able to complete tasks requiring minimal or moderate stereoscopic viewing. The results indicate that the system provides improved ergonomics. Improvements in key viewing performance areas would further enhance the value over a conventional operating microscope.

Conclusions: The performance of the prototype system is not at par with the planned commercial system. With continued development of this technology, the three- dimensional system may be a novel viewing system in ophthalmic surgery with improved ergonomics with respect to traditional microscopic viewing.

Publication types

  • Evaluation Study
  • Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural

MeSH terms

  • Animals
  • Ergonomics
  • Eye Diseases / surgery*
  • Humans
  • Imaging, Three-Dimensional*
  • Microsurgery / instrumentation
  • Ophthalmologic Surgical Procedures / instrumentation*
  • Photography / instrumentation*
  • Prospective Studies
  • Surgery, Computer-Assisted / instrumentation*
  • Swine
  • Task Performance and Analysis*