Results of a nationwide study on the three-field lymph node dissection of esophageal cancer

Oncology. 1991;48(5):411-20. doi: 10.1159/000226971.


In order to determine the operative indications of three-field lymph node dissection of esophageal cancer, attempts were made to collect data concerning procedures performed between 1983 and 1989 in major institutions in Japan, and the results from institutions performing three-field or two-field lymph node dissection were compared. The treatment results of three-field lymph node dissection were better than those after two-field dissection, except for early or advanced cancer. The survival rate improved by the three-field as compared with the two-field lymph node dissection; however, since surgery was invasive, some complications such as recurrent nerve paralysis were frequent. The results show that the indication of three-field lymph node dissection has to be carefully determined for each patient.

MeSH terms

  • Abdomen
  • Esophageal Neoplasms / pathology
  • Esophageal Neoplasms / surgery*
  • Humans
  • Lymph Node Excision / methods*
  • Lymphatic Metastasis
  • Neck
  • Postoperative Complications
  • Survival Analysis
  • Thorax