Comparison of sevoflurane and isoflurane in OPCAB surgery

Ann Card Anaesth. 2007 Jan;10(1):46-50. doi: 10.4103/0971-9784.37924.


Maintenance of anaesthesia with volatile anaesthetic agents affects the perioperative course of patients undergoing off-pump coronary artery bypass (OPCAB) surgery. This facilitates adequate depth of anaesthesia, reduction in need of analgesic dosage, early extubation and transfer from Intensive Care Unit. We compared two volatile anaesthetic agents sevoflurane and isoflurane in terms of haemodynamic effects, amount of analgesic needed during surgery, quantity of agent needed for maintenance of anaesthesia and postoperative recovery in 40 patients undergoing OPCAB surgery. Anaesthesia was induced with fentanyl, midazolam and thiopentone, and vecuronium was used for muscle relaxation. An Octopus stabiliser was used and coronary anastomosis was performed using internal mammary artery and saphenous vein grafts. Routine monitoring was performed. The depth of anaesthesia was monitored using Bispectral index monitor. The inspired/expired concentration of anaesthetic agents to maintain the desired BIS and the amount of volatile anaesthetic agent needed was also noted. The amount of analgesic used intraoperatively was noted in both the groups. The 'time of awakening' defined as eye opening on verbal commands, and time of extubation were noted. There were no differences in haemodynamic parameters, depth of anaesthesia, and quantity of agent needed, but patients in isoflurane group required more intraoperative analgesics than sevoflurane group. Time of awakening (48+/-13 vs 114 +/- 21 mins; P < 0.001) and subsequent extubation (124 +/- 25 vs 177 +/- 36 mins, P<0.001) was earlier in sevoflurane group than isoflurane group. There was no evidence of perioperative myocardial infarction in both the groups. We conclude that sevoflurane and isoflurane can both be safely used in OPCAB surgery, but the awakening and extubation times are significantly less with sevoflurane.

MeSH terms

  • Aged
  • Anesthesia Recovery Period
  • Anesthetics, Inhalation / therapeutic use*
  • Anesthetics, Intravenous
  • Blood Pressure / drug effects
  • Cardiac Output / drug effects
  • Coronary Artery Bypass, Off-Pump*
  • Coronary Disease / physiopathology
  • Coronary Disease / surgery
  • Female
  • Fentanyl
  • Heart Rate / drug effects
  • Humans
  • Internal Mammary-Coronary Artery Anastomosis
  • Isoflurane / therapeutic use*
  • Male
  • Methyl Ethers / therapeutic use*
  • Midazolam
  • Middle Aged
  • Respiration / drug effects
  • Sevoflurane
  • Thiopental
  • Time Factors
  • Treatment Outcome


  • Anesthetics, Inhalation
  • Anesthetics, Intravenous
  • Methyl Ethers
  • Sevoflurane
  • Isoflurane
  • Thiopental
  • Midazolam
  • Fentanyl