Stereological evaluation of liver volume in living donor liver transplantation using MDCT via the Cavalieri method

Liver Transpl. 2007 May;13(5):693-8. doi: 10.1002/lt.21132.


In living donor liver transplantation (LDLT), obtaining the precise volume of the graft is very important to decrease volume-related postoperative complications, especially in cases with suspected small-for size grafts. We used stereology based on the Cavalieri method (CM), a new method to measure liver graft volume, and compared the results with those obtained through intraoperative measurement (IOM) and through multidetector computed tomography (MDCT) measurement. Liver volumes estimated using the 3 methods were well-correlated with each other (r(2) = 0.94 and P < 0.001 for IOM and CM; r(2) = 0.91 and P < 0.001 for IOM and MDCT, and r(2) = 0.95 and P < 0.001 for CM and MDCT); however, they were different from each other (in descending order, 908 +/- 124 cm(2), 861 +/- 121 cm(2), and 777 +/- 168 cm(2) for MDCT, CM, and IOM, respectively). Although MDCT and CM overestimated the volumes, the results of CM were almost similar to those obtained via IOM. In conclusion, our results suggest that CM measured the liver graft volume more reliably. Thus, its use, particularly in cases with suspected small-for-size graft, may prove useful.

Publication types

  • Comparative Study

MeSH terms

  • Adult
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Intraoperative Period
  • Liver / anatomy & histology
  • Liver / diagnostic imaging*
  • Liver Transplantation*
  • Living Donors*
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Models, Anatomic
  • Organ Size
  • Reproducibility of Results
  • Tissue and Organ Harvesting
  • Tomography, X-Ray Computed / methods*