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, 282 (25), 18069-82

Energy Depletion Inhibits Phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase/Akt Signaling and Induces Apoptosis via AMP-activated Protein Kinase-Dependent Phosphorylation of IRS-1 at Ser-794

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Energy Depletion Inhibits Phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase/Akt Signaling and Induces Apoptosis via AMP-activated Protein Kinase-Dependent Phosphorylation of IRS-1 at Ser-794

Alexandros Tzatsos et al. J Biol Chem.

Abstract

Energy depletion activates AMP-activated protein kinase (AMPK) and inhibits cell growth via TSC2-dependent suppression of mTORC1 signaling. Long term energy depletion also induces apoptosis by mechanisms that are not well understood to date. Here we show that AMPK, activated by energy depletion, inhibited cell survival by binding to and phosphorylating IRS-1 at Ser-794. Phosphorylation of IRS-1 at this site inhibited phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase/Akt signaling, suppressed the mitochondrial membrane potential, and promoted apoptosis. Of the treatments promoting energy depletion, glucose deprivation, hypoxia, and inhibition of ATP synthesis in the mitochondria stimulated phosphorylation of IRS-1 at Ser-794 via an LKB1/AMPK-dependent manner, whereas oxidative stress and 2-deoxyglucose stimulated phosphorylation at this site via a Ca2+/calmodulin-dependent protein kinase kinase beta/AMPK axis. These data define a novel pathway that cooperates with other adaptive mechanisms to formulate the cellular response to energy depletion.

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