Evaluation of nutrition assessment tools compared with body cell mass for the assessment of malnutrition in chronic kidney disease

J Ren Nutr. 2007 May;17(3):189-95. doi: 10.1053/j.jrn.2006.12.005.

Abstract

Objective: We compared the subjective global assessment (SGA) and a range of SGA-based assessment tools with body cell mass (BCM) in patients with stage IV and V predialysis chronic kidney disease (CKD).

Study design: This was a cross-sectional, observational study.

Setting: The study took place at a public tertiary hospital predialysis outpatient clinic.

Patients: A total of 56 consecutive consenting patients with CKD (61% were male; age [mean +/- standard deviation] 70.2 +/- 11.6 years; glomerular filtration rate 22.2 +/- 6.8 mL/min).

Main outcome measure: Nutrition status was the main outcome measure.

Results: In this population, the prevalence of malnutrition was 19.6% (n = 11, SGA B; no C ratings). Malnutrition was associated with lower BCM (mean BCM, 26.3 vs. 33.4 kg, P = .007, measured by total body potassium), body weight (64.8 vs. 76.1 kg, P = .042), body mass index (23.7 vs. 27.6 kg/m(2), P = .015), and greater weight loss over the previous 6 months (-6.2 vs. -0.1 kg, P = .004). BCM had a weak relationship with 7-point SGA (P = .267), malnutrition inflammation score (r = -0.27 P = .063), and patient-generated SGA (r = -0.27 P = .060). There was no association for either measure of nutrition status (SGA or BCM) with albumin, glomerular filtration rate, or C-reactive protein.

Conclusion: SGA in its original form most accurately delineated malnutrition by depleted BCM and is the most appropriate tool for cross-sectional assessment of nutrition status in patients with predialysis CKD.

Publication types

  • Comparative Study

MeSH terms

  • Aged
  • Aged, 80 and over
  • Body Composition
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Kidney Failure, Chronic / complications*
  • Male
  • Malnutrition / diagnosis*
  • Malnutrition / etiology
  • Middle Aged
  • Nutrition Assessment*
  • Nutritional Status*
  • Potassium / analysis

Substances

  • Potassium