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Randomized Controlled Trial
, 89 (4), 467-70

Clinical Outcome and Rate of Complications After Primary Total Knee Replacement Performed With Quadriceps-Sparing or Standard Arthrotomy

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Randomized Controlled Trial

Clinical Outcome and Rate of Complications After Primary Total Knee Replacement Performed With Quadriceps-Sparing or Standard Arthrotomy

Y-H Kim et al. J Bone Joint Surg Br.

Abstract

We performed a prospective, randomised study to compare the results and rates of complications of primary total knee replacement performed using a quadriceps-sparing technique or a standard arthrotomy in 120 patients who had bilateral total knee replacements carried out under the same anaesthetic. The clinical results, pain scales, surgical and hospital data, post-operative complications and radiological results were compared. No significant differences were found between the two groups with respect to the blood loss, knee score, function score, pain scale, range of movement or radiological findings. In contrast, the operating time (p = 0.0001) and the tourniquet time (p < 0.0001) were significantly longer in the quadriceps-sparing group, as was the rate of complications (p = 0.0468). We therefore recommend the use of a standard arthrotomy with the shortest possible skin incision for total knee replacement.

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