Effect of glycosaminoglycans on matrix metalloproteinases in type II collagen-induced experimental arthritis

Exp Biol Med (Maywood). 2007 May;232(5):629-37.


Matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs) are a family of neutral proteinases that are involved in tissue remodeling by mediating degradation of extracellular matrix components in both physiology and pathology. As MMPs appear to play a key role in the degradation of cartilage matrix in the progression of arthritic disease, MMPs are considered as potential therapeutic targets. The effect of chondroitin sulfate A (CSA) on MMPs in type II collagen-induced experimental arthritis was studied. The anti-arthritic effect of CSA was evidenced by a decrease in marker activities like lysosomal beta-hexosaminidase and beta-glucuronidase. Arthritic animals showed significantly higher activity of MMP2 and MMP9 and increased levels of other MMPs, including MMP3 and MT-1 MMP in cartilage and serum. Treatment with CSA significantly decreased the activity of MMPs, particularly MMP9 in serum and synovial effusate and cartilage. The effect of CSA was further studied by fragmenting CSA into low-molecular-weight oligosaccharides. The oligosaccharide-treated animals showed considerably lower MMP activity (particularly MMP9) compared with arthritic controls. The CSA (and the oligosaccharides derived from it) not only reduced the activity of MMPs but also decreased the protein level expression of MMPs, indicating that the production of MMPs is affected. These results indicate that the antiarthritic effect of CSA involves down-regulation of MMPs, which are critically involved in the progression of arthritic disease.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Animals
  • Arthritis, Experimental / chemically induced
  • Arthritis, Experimental / enzymology
  • Arthritis, Experimental / prevention & control*
  • Chondroitin Sulfates / chemistry
  • Chondroitin Sulfates / pharmacology
  • Collagen Type II / toxicity*
  • Enzyme-Linked Immunosorbent Assay
  • Glycosaminoglycans / chemistry
  • Glycosaminoglycans / pharmacology*
  • Male
  • Matrix Metalloproteinase 14 / blood
  • Matrix Metalloproteinase 14 / metabolism
  • Matrix Metalloproteinase 2 / blood
  • Matrix Metalloproteinase 2 / metabolism
  • Matrix Metalloproteinase 3 / blood
  • Matrix Metalloproteinase 3 / metabolism
  • Matrix Metalloproteinase 9 / blood
  • Matrix Metalloproteinase 9 / metabolism
  • Matrix Metalloproteinases / blood
  • Matrix Metalloproteinases / metabolism*
  • Oligosaccharides / pharmacology
  • Rats
  • Rats, Wistar


  • Collagen Type II
  • Glycosaminoglycans
  • Oligosaccharides
  • Chondroitin Sulfates
  • Matrix Metalloproteinases
  • Matrix Metalloproteinase 3
  • Matrix Metalloproteinase 2
  • Matrix Metalloproteinase 9
  • Matrix Metalloproteinase 14