Effects on sexual risk behavior and STD rate of brief HIV/STD prevention interventions for African American women in primary care settings

Am J Public Health. 2007 Jun;97(6):1034-40. doi: 10.2105/AJPH.2003.020271. Epub 2007 Apr 26.


Objectives: We tested the efficacy of brief HIV/sexually transmitted disease (STD) risk-reduction interventions for African American women in primary care settings.

Methods: In a randomized controlled trial, 564 African American women recruited at a Newark, NJ, inner-city women's health clinic were assigned to a 20-minute one-on-one HIV/STD behavioral skill-building intervention, 200-minute group HIV/STD behavioral skill-building intervention, 20-minute one-on-one HIV/STD information intervention, 200-minute group HIV/STD information intervention, or 200-minute health intervention control group. Primary outcomes were self-reported sexual behaviors in the previous 3 months; secondary outcome was STD incidence.

Results: At 12-month follow-up, participants in the skill-building interventions reported less unprotected sexual intercourse than did participants in the information interventions (Cohen's d [d]=0.23, P=.02), reported a greater proportion of protected sexual intercourse than did information intervention participants (d=0.21, P=.05) and control participants (d=0.24, P=.03), and were less likely to test positive for an STD than were control participants (d=0.20, P=.03).

Conclusions: This study suggests that brief single-session, one-on-one or group skill-building interventions may reduce HIV/STD risk behaviors and STD morbidity among inner-city African American women in primary care settings.

Publication types

  • Randomized Controlled Trial
  • Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural

MeSH terms

  • Adult
  • Analysis of Variance
  • Blacks*
  • Chi-Square Distribution
  • Female
  • HIV Infections / epidemiology
  • HIV Infections / prevention & control*
  • Health Promotion / methods*
  • Humans
  • Incidence
  • Middle Aged
  • New Jersey / epidemiology
  • Primary Health Care / methods*
  • Risk-Taking*
  • Sexual Behavior*
  • Sexually Transmitted Diseases / epidemiology
  • Sexually Transmitted Diseases / prevention & control*
  • Statistics, Nonparametric
  • Treatment Outcome
  • Urban Population
  • Women's Health*