The role of the International Society of Nephrology/Renal Disaster Relief Task Force in the rescue of renal disaster victims

Contrib Nephrol. 2007;156:325-32. doi: 10.1159/000102123.

Abstract

Disasters are a major cause of distress and material as well as corporal damage. Next to direct trauma, the crush syndrome inducing multiorgan problems as a consequence of muscle compression and the release of muscular contents into the bloodstream is the most important cause of death; this is to a large extent related to the induction of severe acute kidney injury, for which dialysis is a life-saving therapy. The practical means (both hardware and personnel) to do so are, however, often lacking in disaster conditions. The Renal Disaster Relief Task Force (RDRTF) offered support for renal problems in the aftermath of several disasters, e.g. the Marmara earthquake (1999) in Turkey, the Bam earthquake (2003) in Iran, and the Kashmir earthquake (2005) in Pakistan. A preconceived intervention plan is followed with adaptations according to local conditions. Material and personnel are dispatched to the disaster areas. These interventions have been life-saving for a substantial number of victims. The current article describes the structure and approach of the RDRTF.

Publication types

  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Acute Kidney Injury / etiology
  • Acute Kidney Injury / physiopathology
  • Acute Kidney Injury / therapy*
  • Advisory Committees / organization & administration*
  • Crush Syndrome / complications
  • Crush Syndrome / physiopathology
  • Disaster Planning / methods*
  • Disasters*
  • Fluid Therapy / methods
  • Humans
  • International Agencies*
  • Peritoneal Dialysis / methods
  • Renal Dialysis / methods
  • Renal Replacement Therapy / methods
  • Rescue Work
  • Rhabdomyolysis / complications
  • Rhabdomyolysis / physiopathology