Immediate neonatal outcomes after elective induction of labor

J Reprod Med. 2007 Mar;52(3):173-5.


Objective: To examine immediate neonatal outcomes associated with elective labor induction.

Study design: Labor inductions occurring at > or = 38 weeks' gestation were examined during a 6-month period at 2 community hospitals. Medical records were reviewed by trained abstractors to determine the reason for induction (elective vs. medical) and maternal characteristics. The need for newborn resuscitation (1-minute Apgar score < 4) was the primary end point. Multiple logistic regression was used to calculate odds ratios (ORs) and 95% confidence intervals (CIs).

Results: Of the 364 inductions, 54.9% were elective. The odds of a 1-minute Apgar score being < or = 3 were significantly greater when labor was induced for elective reasons than for medical reasons (OR 5.5, 95% CI 1.1-27.9) or was spontaneous (OR 6.5, 95% CI 2.4-17.8), after controlling for mother's age, race and route of delivery. Elective induction was not associated with feal intolerance to labor, a low 5-minute Apgar score or need for admission to a special care nursery.

Conclusion: An elective abortion induction is an independent risk factor for delivery of an infant requiring immediate attention.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Adult
  • Apgar Score*
  • Cesarean Section / statistics & numerical data
  • Cohort Studies
  • Confidence Intervals
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Infant
  • Infant, Newborn
  • Intensive Care, Neonatal / statistics & numerical data
  • Labor, Induced*
  • Logistic Models
  • Male
  • Obstetric Labor Complications / epidemiology*
  • Obstetrics and Gynecology Department, Hospital / statistics & numerical data*
  • Odds Ratio
  • Parity
  • Pregnancy
  • Pregnancy Outcome*
  • Resuscitation
  • Retrospective Studies
  • Risk Factors