CCL2-2518 A/G and CCR2 190 A/G do not influence the outcome of hepatitis C virus infection in the Spanish population

World J Gastroenterol. 2007 Apr 21;13(15):2187-92. doi: 10.3748/wjg.v13.i15.2187.


Aim: To assess whether CCL2 or interactions between this chemokine and its receptor (CCR2) are associated with outcomes of chronic hepatitis C and with responses to antiviral therapy.

Methods: Two hundred and eighty-four patients with chronic hepatitis C and 193 non-infected matched controls were included in this study. Patients were categorized according to their Scheuer score of hepatic fibrosis as F0-F2 (n = 202) or F3-F4 (n = 82) and according to their response to anti-Hepatitis C virus (HCV) therapy as sustained response (SR, n = 101) or non-sustained response (NSR, n = 98). Genotyping of the -2518 (A/G) CCL2 was performed using PCR-RFLP, genotyping of the 190 (A/G) CCR2 using a PCR-ARMS system, and genotyping of the rs3138042 (G/A) CCR2 using Taqman probes.

Results: Univariate analyses identified 4 parameters (infection duration time, viral genotype, gender and AST levels) that tended to influence fibrosis and 7 parameters (CCL2G, CCL2ACCR2A, viremia levels, fibrosis stage, viral genotype, infection duration time and AST levels) that significantly influenced or tended to influence response to treatment. Multivariate analysis identified gender and AST levels as parameters that independently influenced fibrosis stage and viral genotype and infection duration time were the two parameters that independently influenced response to treatment.

Conclusion: Our results indicate that the mutations studied in the gene pair CCL2/CCR2 do not play a major role in the outcome and response to treatment for HCV infection in the Spanish population.

Publication types

  • Controlled Clinical Trial
  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Adult
  • Aged
  • Antiviral Agents / therapeutic use*
  • Biopsy
  • Chemokine CCL2 / genetics
  • Chemokine CCL2 / physiology*
  • Female
  • Genotype
  • Hepatitis C / drug therapy*
  • Hepatitis C / ethnology
  • Hepatitis C / genetics
  • Humans
  • Interferon Type I / therapeutic use*
  • Liver / pathology
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Multivariate Analysis
  • Mutation / genetics
  • Receptors, CCR2
  • Receptors, Chemokine / genetics
  • Receptors, Chemokine / physiology*
  • Recombinant Proteins
  • Ribavirin / therapeutic use*
  • Spain
  • Treatment Outcome


  • Antiviral Agents
  • CCL2 protein, human
  • CCR2 protein, human
  • Chemokine CCL2
  • Interferon Type I
  • Receptors, CCR2
  • Receptors, Chemokine
  • Recombinant Proteins
  • Ribavirin