Elongator complex: how many roles does it play?

Curr Opin Cell Biol. 2007 Jun;19(3):331-6. doi: 10.1016/j.ceb.2007.04.005. Epub 2007 Apr 26.

Abstract

The multi-subunit Elongator complex was first identified by its association with an RNA polymerase II holoenzyme engaged in transcriptional elongation, and subsequent data have provided further evidence that the complex is involved in histone acetylation and transcription. However, most Elongator is cytoplasmic, and recent data has indicated a role in processes as diverse as exocytosis and tRNA modification. One of the subunits of Elongator is encoded by a gene that is mutated in patients suffering from the severe neurodevelopmental disorder familial dysautonomia.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Acetylation
  • Animals
  • Histones / metabolism
  • Holoenzymes
  • Humans
  • RNA Polymerase II / metabolism
  • Saccharomyces cerevisiae Proteins / genetics
  • Saccharomyces cerevisiae Proteins / metabolism
  • Transcription, Genetic
  • Transcriptional Elongation Factors / genetics*
  • Transcriptional Elongation Factors / metabolism*

Substances

  • Histones
  • Holoenzymes
  • Saccharomyces cerevisiae Proteins
  • Transcriptional Elongation Factors
  • RNA Polymerase II