HIV infection and risk behaviors among intravenous drug users in low seroprevalence areas in the Midwest

Am J Public Health. 1991 Dec;81(12):1642-4. doi: 10.2105/ajph.81.12.1642.

Abstract

We studied behavioral factors that place intravenous drug users at risk for the acquisition and transmission of the human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) in a sample of 855 individuals not in drug treatment, living in central and southwestern Ohio. The HIV seropositivity rate for the sample was 1.5%. Three factors were significantly related to HIV infection: homeless shelter residence (odds ratio [OR] = 7.7, 95% confidence interval (CI) = 3.0-20.0), travel to northeastern HIV hyperendemic areas (OR = 5.2, 95% CI = 1.8-15.4), and recent male homosexual or bisexual behavior (OR = 11.2, 95% CI = 2.9-43.9).

Publication types

  • Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.

MeSH terms

  • Adult
  • Female
  • HIV Infections / epidemiology*
  • HIV Infections / etiology
  • HIV Seroprevalence*
  • HIV-1*
  • Health Behavior*
  • Homeless Persons / psychology
  • Homeless Persons / statistics & numerical data
  • Homosexuality / psychology
  • Homosexuality / statistics & numerical data
  • Humans
  • Interpersonal Relations
  • Male
  • Ohio / epidemiology
  • Residence Characteristics*
  • Risk Factors
  • Substance Abuse, Intravenous / complications
  • Substance Abuse, Intravenous / epidemiology
  • Substance Abuse, Intravenous / psychology*
  • Travel / statistics & numerical data
  • Urban Population