Eisenmenger syndrome and idiopathic pulmonary arterial hypertension: do parenchymal lung changes reflect aetiology?

Clin Radiol. 2007 Jun;62(6):587-95. doi: 10.1016/j.crad.2007.01.013. Epub 2007 Apr 5.


Aim: To document the pulmonary vascular changes on thin-section computed tomography (CT) in patients with Eisenmenger syndrome and idiopathic pulmonary arterial hypertension, and to determine whether there is any correlation with pulmonary arterial pressures or the aetiology of pulmonary hypertension.

Material and methods: From the National Pulmonary Hypertension Database, we identified eight patients with idiopathic pulmonary arterial hypertension and 20 patients with Eisenmenger syndrome (secondary to a ventriculoseptal defect) who had also undergone contrast-enhanced thin-section CT. CT studies were reviewed for the presence of centrilobular nodules, mosaicism, neovascularity, and bronchial artery hypertrophy. Haemodynamic data were also reviewed.

Results: Centrilobular nodules, mosaicism, and neovascularity were seen in both patient groups (p>0.05). A significantly higher number of enlarged bronchial arteries were seen in patients with Eisenmenger syndrome. There was no correlation with pulmonary arterial pressures.

Conclusion: Patients with idiopathic pulmonary arterial hypertension and Eisenmenger syndrome demonstrated similar pulmonary vascular changes on CT. These changes did not predict the underlying cause of pulmonary hypertension or its severity.

MeSH terms

  • Adolescent
  • Adult
  • Aged
  • Arteries
  • Blood Pressure / physiology
  • Bronchi / blood supply
  • Bronchography
  • Echocardiography / methods
  • Eisenmenger Complex / complications
  • Eisenmenger Complex / diagnostic imaging*
  • Eisenmenger Complex / physiopathology
  • Female
  • Heart Septal Defects, Ventricular / complications
  • Heart Septal Defects, Ventricular / diagnostic imaging
  • Heart Septal Defects, Ventricular / physiopathology
  • Humans
  • Hypertension, Pulmonary / diagnostic imaging*
  • Hypertension, Pulmonary / etiology
  • Hypertension, Pulmonary / physiopathology
  • Lung / blood supply*
  • Lung / diagnostic imaging
  • Lung / physiopathology
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Pulmonary Artery / diagnostic imaging
  • Tomography, X-Ray Computed / methods