Inhibition of growth hormone-releasing factor suppresses both sleep and growth hormone secretion in the rat

Brain Res. 1991 Aug 23;557(1-2):149-53. doi: 10.1016/0006-8993(91)90128-i.


To study the possible involvement of hypothalamic growth hormone-releasing factor (GRF) in sleep regulation, a competitive GRF-antagonist, the peptide (N-Ac-Tyr1,D-Arg2)-GRF(1-29)-NH2, was intracerebroventricularly injected into rats (0.003, 0.3, and 14 nmol), and the EEG and brain temperature were recorded for 12 h during the light cycle of the day. Growth hormone (GH) concentrations were determined from plasma samples taken at 20-min intervals for 3 h after 14 nmol GRF-antagonist. The onset of non-rapid eye movement sleep (NREMS) was delayed in response to 0.3 and 14 nmol GRF-antagonist, the duration of NREMS was decreased for one or more hours and after 14 nmol EEG slow wave amplitudes were decreased during NREMS in postinjection hour 1. The high dose of GRF-antagonist also suppressed REMS for 4 h, inhibited GH secretion, and elicited a slight biphasic variation in brain temperature. These findings, together with previous observations indicating a sleep-promoting effect for GRF, support the hypothesis that hypothalamic GRF is involved in sleep regulation and might be responsible for the correlation between NREMS and GH secretion reported in various species.

Publication types

  • Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.

MeSH terms

  • Animals
  • Body Temperature / drug effects
  • Brain / drug effects
  • Brain / physiology
  • Depression, Chemical
  • Electroencephalography
  • Growth Hormone / blood
  • Growth Hormone / metabolism*
  • Growth Hormone-Releasing Hormone / analogs & derivatives*
  • Growth Hormone-Releasing Hormone / antagonists & inhibitors*
  • Growth Hormone-Releasing Hormone / pharmacology
  • Injections, Intraventricular
  • Male
  • Motor Activity / drug effects
  • Peptide Fragments / pharmacology*
  • Rats
  • Rats, Inbred Strains
  • Sermorelin* / analogs & derivatives*
  • Sleep / drug effects*
  • Sleep, REM / drug effects


  • Peptide Fragments
  • Sermorelin
  • Growth Hormone
  • Growth Hormone-Releasing Hormone
  • somatotropin releasing hormone (1-29)amide, N-acetyl-tyrosyl(1)-arginyl(2)-