Surgical biomechanics of the patellofemoral joint

Arthroscopy. 2007 May;23(5):542-53. doi: 10.1016/j.arthro.2007.03.006.


This review presents objective data, as far as possible, about the current understanding of the biomechanics of the patellofemoral joint as it pertains to the management of patellofemoral problems. When faced with a patellofemoral malfunction, it is important to check all the soft-tissue and articular geometry factors relating to the patella locally and not to neglect the overall lower limb alignment and function. It is important to remember that small alterations in alignment can result in significant alterations in patellofemoral joint stresses and that changes in the mechanics of the patellofemoral joint can also result in changes in the tibiofemoral compartments. Surgical intervention for patellofemoral problems needs to be planned carefully and take into account an individual's anatomy.

Publication types

  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Biomechanical Phenomena
  • Femur / physiopathology
  • Humans
  • Joint Instability / physiopathology
  • Knee Joint / physiopathology*
  • Knee Joint / surgery*
  • Medial Collateral Ligament, Knee / physiopathology
  • Orthopedics / methods
  • Patella / physiopathology
  • Patellar Ligament / physiopathology
  • Quadriceps Muscle / physiopathology
  • Tibia / physiopathology