Skip to main page content
Access keys NCBI Homepage MyNCBI Homepage Main Content Main Navigation
Comparative Study
. 2007 Jul;21(7):1198-206.
doi: 10.1007/s00464-007-9364-z. Epub 2007 May 4.

The Cost of Laparoscopic Myotomy Versus Pneumatic Dilatation for Esophageal Achalasia

Comparative Study

The Cost of Laparoscopic Myotomy Versus Pneumatic Dilatation for Esophageal Achalasia

Paul J Karanicolas et al. Surg Endosc. .


Background: The two main treatment options for esophageal achalasia are laparoscopic distal esophageal myotomy (LM) and pneumatic dilatation (PD). Our objective was to compare the costs of these management strategies.

Methods: We constructed a decision analytic model consisting of two treatment strategies for patients diagnosed with achalasia. Probabilities of events were systematically derived from a literature review, supplemented by expert opinion when necessary. Costs were estimated from the perspective of a third-party payer and society, including both direct and indirect costs. Future costs were discounted at a rate of 5.5% over a time horizon of 5 and 10 years. Uncertainty in the probability estimates was incorporated using probabilistic sensitivity analyses. We tested uncertainty in the model by modifying key assumptions and repeating the analysis.

Results: From the societal perspective, the expected cost per patient was $10,789 (LM) compared with $5,315 (PD) five years following diagnosis, and $11,804 (LM) compared with $7,717 (PD) after 10 years. The 95% confidence interval of the incremental cost per patient treated with LM was ($5,280, $5,668) after five years, and ($3,863, $4,311) after 10 years. The incremental cost of LM was similar from the third-party payer perspective and in the secondary model analyzed.

Conclusions: Initial LM is a more costly management strategy under all clinically plausible scenarios tested in this model. Further research is needed to determine patients' preferences for the two treatment modalities, and society's willingness to bear the incremental cost of LM for those who choose it.

Similar articles

See all similar articles

Cited by 13 articles

See all "Cited by" articles


    1. J Bone Joint Surg Am. 2005 Jun;87(6):1253-9 - PubMed
    1. Arch Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg. 2005 Jan;131(1):21-6 - PubMed
    1. Surg Clin North Am. 2005 Jun;85(3):483-93 - PubMed
    1. Am J Surg. 2005 Aug;190(2):161-5 - PubMed
    1. Dig Dis Sci. 2002 Jul;47(7):1516-25 - PubMed

Publication types

LinkOut - more resources