The effect of Bach's magnificat on emotions, immune, and endocrine parameters during physiotherapy treatment of patients with infectious lung conditions

J Music Ther. Summer 2007;44(2):156-68. doi: 10.1093/jmt/44.2.156.


The purpose of this study was to determine the effect of Bach's Magnificat on emotions, immune, and endocrine parameters in patients of specific infectious lung conditions. Participants (N = 40; 9 men & 31 women) ranging in age from 40 to 75 participated in the study. Patients were randomly allocated to an experimental and control group. During a 3-day period the experimental group received physiotherapy with the selected music, while the control group only received physiotherapy. ANOVA statistics indicate significant changes in the following parameters: POMS-scale, CD4+:CD8+ ratio, cortisol, and cortisol:DHEA ratio. The intervention of music demonstrates communication between the mind and body.

Publication types

  • Controlled Clinical Trial
  • Randomized Controlled Trial

MeSH terms

  • Adult
  • Affect*
  • Aged
  • Breathing Exercises
  • Bronchitis / immunology
  • Bronchitis / metabolism*
  • Bronchitis / therapy*
  • CD4-Positive T-Lymphocytes / metabolism
  • CD8-Positive T-Lymphocytes / metabolism
  • Combined Modality Therapy
  • Dehydroepiandrosterone / blood
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Hydrocortisone / blood
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Music Therapy / methods*
  • Nebulizers and Vaporizers
  • Pneumonia, Bacterial / immunology
  • Pneumonia, Bacterial / metabolism*
  • Pneumonia, Bacterial / therapy*
  • Surveys and Questionnaires
  • Treatment Outcome


  • Dehydroepiandrosterone
  • Hydrocortisone