Mycoplasma genitalium among women with nongonococcal, nonchlamydial pelvic inflammatory disease

Infect Dis Obstet Gynecol. 2006;2006:30184. doi: 10.1155/IDOG/2006/30184.


Pelvic inflammatory disease (PID) is a frequent condition of young women, often resulting in reproductive morbidity. Although Neisseria gonorrhoeae and/or Chlamydia trachomatis are/is recovered from approximately a third to a half of women with PID, the etiologic agent is often unidentified. We need PCR to test for M genitalium among a pilot sample of 50 women with nongonococcal, nonchlamydial endometritis enrolled in the PID evaluation and clinical health (PEACH) study. All participants had pelvic pain, pelvic organ tenderness, and leukorrhea, mucopurulent cervicitis, or untreated cervicitis. Endometritis was defined as > or =5 surface epithelium neutrophils per x400 field absent of menstrual endometrium and/or > or =2 stromal plasma cells per x120 field. We detected M genitalium in 7 (14%) of the women tested: 6 (12%) in cervical specimens and 4 (8%) in endometrial specimens. We conclude that M genitalium is prevalent in the endometrium of women with nongonococcal, nonchlamydial PID.

MeSH terms

  • Adolescent
  • Adult
  • Cervix Uteri / microbiology
  • Endometrium / microbiology
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Mycoplasma Infections* / epidemiology
  • Mycoplasma Infections* / microbiology
  • Mycoplasma genitalium / genetics
  • Mycoplasma genitalium / isolation & purification*
  • Pelvic Inflammatory Disease* / epidemiology
  • Pelvic Inflammatory Disease* / microbiology
  • Polymerase Chain Reaction / methods
  • Prevalence
  • United States
  • Urban Population