Knowledge and awareness of congenital cytomegalovirus among women

Infect Dis Obstet Gynecol. 2006:2006:80383. doi: 10.1155/IDOG/2006/80383.


Background: Congenital cytomegalovirus (CMV) infection is a leading cause of disabilities in children, yet the general public appears to have little awareness of CMV.

Methods: Women were surveyed about newborn infections at 7 different geographic locations.

Results: Of the 643 women surveyed, 142 (22%) had heard of congenital CMV. Awareness increased with increasing levels of education (P<.0001). Women who had worked as a healthcare professional had a higher prevalence of awareness of CMV than had other women (56% versus 16%, P <.0001). Women who were aware of CMV were most likely to have heard about it from a healthcare provider (54%), but most could not correctly identify modes of CMV transmission or prevention. Among common causes of birth defects and childhood illnesses, women's awareness of CMV ranked last.

Conclusion: Despite its large public health burden, few women had heard of congenital CMV, and even fewer were aware of prevention strategies.

MeSH terms

  • Adult
  • Cytomegalovirus Infections / congenital*
  • Cytomegalovirus Infections / physiopathology
  • Cytomegalovirus Infections / prevention & control
  • Cytomegalovirus Infections / transmission
  • Cytomegalovirus*
  • Female
  • Health Knowledge, Attitudes, Practice*
  • Health Surveys*
  • Humans
  • Logistic Models
  • Middle Aged
  • Risk Factors