In human mammary and prostate cancer cells, steroid hormones or epidermal growth factor (EGF) trigger association of the androgen receptor (AR)-estradiol receptor (ER) (alpha or beta) complex with Src. This interaction activates Src and affects the G1 to S cell cycle progression. In this report, we identify the sequence responsible for the AR/Src interaction and describe a 10 amino-acid peptide that inhibits this interaction. Treatment of the human prostate or mammary cancer cells (LNCaP or MCF-7, respectively) with nanomolar concentrations of this peptide inhibits the androgen- or estradiol-induced association between the AR or the ER and Src the Src/Erk pathway activation, cyclin D1 expression and DNA synthesis, without interfering in the receptor-dependent transcriptional activity. Similarly, the peptide prevents the S phase entry of LNCaP and MCF-7 cells treated with EGF as well as mouse embryo fibroblasts stimulated with androgen or EGF. Interestingly, the peptide does not inhibit the S phase entry and cytoskeletal changes induced by EGF or serum treatment of AR-negative prostate cancer cell lines. The peptide is the first example of a specific inhibitor of steroid receptor-dependent signal transducing activity. The importance of these results is highlighted by the finding that the peptide strongly inhibits the growth of LNCaP xenografts established in nude mice.