Today, hysterectomy is, after caesarean section, the most frequent surgical intervention performed in fertile women. Introduced in 1989, laparoscopic hysterectomy remains poorly diffused: today, less than 5% of all hysterectomies remain done by laparoscopy. Nevertheless after a correct learning curve, laparoscopic hysterectomy finds perfect indications in benign and even some malignant indications. In these conditions, the complication rate is similar to those of the other surgical routes. Currently the limitations of this technique are the very bulky uterus, contraindicated uterine morcellation, the lengthening of the operative time potentially generated by this technique, and the lack of experienced instructors.