Parental modeling, reinforcement, and information transfer: risk factors in the development of child anxiety?

Clin Child Fam Psychol Rev. 2007 Sep;10(3):213-31. doi: 10.1007/s10567-007-0020-x.


The purpose of this article is to provide a comprehensive review and a conceptual integration of research examining the potential role of learning from parents in the development of child anxiety. Specifically, research in this area is discussed within the framework of three specific mechanisms: parental modeling, information transfer, and parental reinforcement of anxious/avoidant behavior. Implications of the research in this area are discussed, as well as limitations and directions for future research.

Publication types

  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Anxiety Disorders / psychology*
  • Child
  • Disclosure*
  • Humans
  • Learning*
  • Parent-Child Relations
  • Parents / psychology*
  • Reinforcement, Psychology*
  • Risk Factors