The Arabidopsis Cohesin Protein SYN3 Localizes to the Nucleolus and Is Essential for Gametogenesis

Plant J. 2007 Jun;50(6):1020-34. doi: 10.1111/j.1365-313X.2007.03106.x. Epub 2007 May 3.


Alpha-kleisins are core components of meiotic and mitotic cohesin complexes. Arabidopsis contains genes for four alpha-kleisin proteins encoded by SYN genes. SYN1, a REC8 ortholog, is essential for meiosis, while SYN2 and SYN4 appear to be SCC1 orthologs and function in mitosis. Our analysis of AtSYN3 shows that it localizes primarily in the nucleolus of both meiotic and mitotic cells. Furthermore, analysis of plants containing an AtSYN3 T-DNA knockout mutation demonstrated that it is essential for megagametogenesis and plays an important role in pollen. These results suggest that SYN3 may not function as part of a typical cohesin complex; rather it may have evolved a specialized role in controlling rDNA structure, transcription or rRNA processing.

Publication types

  • Research Support, U.S. Gov't, Non-P.H.S.

MeSH terms

  • Arabidopsis / genetics
  • Arabidopsis / metabolism*
  • Arabidopsis / physiology
  • Arabidopsis Proteins / metabolism*
  • Cell Cycle Proteins / metabolism*
  • Cell Nucleolus / metabolism*
  • Gametogenesis / physiology*
  • Meiosis / physiology
  • Mutagenesis, Insertional
  • Plants, Genetically Modified
  • Pollen / growth & development*
  • Pollen / ultrastructure


  • Arabidopsis Proteins
  • Cell Cycle Proteins
  • SYN3 protein, Arabidopsis