NY-ESO-1 is a cancer-testis antigen that elicits strong cellular and humoral immune responses against NY-ESO-1-expressing tumors. Although CD4(+) T cells play a critical role in inducing antitumor immunity, little is known about MHC class II-restricted helper epitopes of the NY-ESO-1 antigen compared with MHC class I-restricted epitopes. Here, we searched for new NY-ESO-1 helper epitopes presented by MHC class II molecules, especially those found frequently in the Japanese population. We established five NY-ESO-1-specific helper T-cell lines from healthy Japanese donors using NY-ESO-1 recombinant protein and peptide. Using MHC class II-specific antibodies and a panel of Epstein-Barr virus-transformed B-cell lines, it was demonstrated that four out of the five T-cell lines recognized a region within NY-ESO-1(119-143) in the context of HLA-DRB1*0802, DRB1*0901, DRB1*1502 or DRB1*0405/*0410. In addition, using a set of overlapping 15-mer synthetic peptides, we found that NY-ESO-1(122-138) was a promiscuous region that bound to four distinct HLA-DR molecules found in the Japanese population. These findings expand the usefulness of NY-ESO-1 as a tool for tumor vaccine therapy in eliciting NY-ESO-1-specific helper T-cell responses, especially in Japanese cancer patients.