Magnetic fields generated by an induction heating (IH) cook top do not cause genotoxicity in vitro

Bioelectromagnetics. 2007 Oct;28(7):529-37. doi: 10.1002/bem.20334.

Abstract

The use of induction heater (IH) cook tops in homes has become widespread, especially in Japan, but there are concerns about the safety of intermediate frequency (IF) electromagnetic fields associated with these cooking appliances. Since the cellular genotoxicity of IF magnetic fields has not been examined in cultured cells, we examined the effects of these fields at a magnetic flux density of 532 +/- 20 microT at 23 kHz, using an exposure unit with a built-in CO2 incubator. Exposure to the IF magnetic field at 532 microT for 2 h did not affect the growth of CHO-K1 cells and caused no mutagenic effects in bacterial mutation assays. Exposure to the IF magnetic field for 2 h induced neither single nor double DNA strand breaks in comet assays, and caused no significant change in the mutation frequency at the HPRT locus compared to sham exposure. The magnetic field used in this study is more than 80 times higher than the level recommended as safe in the International Commission on Non-ionizing Radiation Protection (ICNIRP) guidelines. From these results, we suggest that exposure to an IF magnetic field for 2 h does not cause cellular genotoxicity in bacteria and in Chinese hamster cells. However, the possibility of effects on other cellular functions remains, and further studies on the cellular effects of IF magnetic fields are required.

MeSH terms

  • Animals
  • Bacteria / cytology*
  • Bacteria / radiation effects*
  • CHO Cells
  • Cell Survival / drug effects*
  • Cooking*
  • Cricetinae
  • Cricetulus
  • DNA Damage / radiation effects*
  • Electromagnetic Fields
  • Environmental Exposure
  • Heating*
  • Magnetics*
  • Mutagenicity Tests
  • Radiation Dosage
  • Radiometry