Nutrition and physical activity self-assessment for child care (NAP SACC): results from a pilot intervention

J Nutr Educ Behav. May-Jun 2007;39(3):142-9. doi: 10.1016/j.jneb.2006.08.027.


Objective: To determine the feasibility, acceptability, and reported impact of a nutrition and physical activity environmental intervention in child care.

Design: Self-assessment instrument completed pre- and post-intervention by randomly assigned intervention and comparison child care centers.

Setting: Child care centers in 8 counties across North Carolina.

Participants: A convenience sample of 19 child care centers (15 intervention and 4 comparison).

Intervention: Intervention centers completed the self-assessment instrument at baseline and then selected 3 environmental improvements to make over the 6-month intervention period with assistance from a trained NAP SACC Consultant.

Main outcome measure: Changes in pre- and post-intervention self-assesment of the nutrition and physical activity child care environment with additional process measures to evaluate project implementation, feasibility and acceptability.

Analysis: Comparison of pre- and post-test scores for the intervention group using a Wilcoxon signed-rank test and descriptions of environmental changes.

Results: Intervention centers rated themselves higher at follow-up than at baseline, and relative to comparison centers, reported a variety of environmental nutrition and physical activity improvements confirmed by research staff.

Conclusions and implications: The NAP SACC pilot intervention shows promise as an approach to promote healthy weight environments in preschool settings. Additional evaluation of the project is needed using a greater number of centers and a more objective outcome measure.

Publication types

  • Randomized Controlled Trial
  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Child Day Care Centers
  • Child Nutrition Sciences / education*
  • Child Nutritional Physiological Phenomena / physiology*
  • Child, Preschool
  • Exercise / physiology*
  • Feasibility Studies
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Pilot Projects
  • Self-Assessment*
  • Statistics, Nonparametric