Electronic medical record, error detection, and error reduction: a pediatric critical care perspective

Pediatr Crit Care Med. 2007 Mar;8(2 Suppl):S17-20. doi: 10.1097/01.PCC.0000257484.86356.39.


Introduction: Automated extraction of data from computer-based medical records for use in quality improvement has been described for >20 yrs.

Objective: This article reviews the role of the electronic medical record in automating adverse event detection in the study of medication errors, nosocomial infection, and in the perioperative setting. In addition, the use of the electronic medical record in the detection and reduction of delays in STAT (at once) radiology testing and respiratory therapy treatment will be reviewed.

Conclusion: The electronic medical record, including computerized provider order entry, can have an important effect on medical error detection and reduction.

Publication types

  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Child
  • Child, Hospitalized / statistics & numerical data
  • Clinical Pharmacy Information Systems
  • Critical Care*
  • Cross Infection / prevention & control*
  • Humans
  • Intensive Care Units, Pediatric
  • Medical Order Entry Systems*
  • Medical Records Systems, Computerized*
  • Medication Errors / prevention & control*
  • Medication Errors / statistics & numerical data
  • Pediatrics / standards*
  • Quality Assurance, Health Care / methods*
  • Safety Management / methods*