Mutations in the frataxin gene cause neurodegeneration and demyelination in Friedreich's ataxia. We showed earlier that frataxin deficiency causes primary iron-sulfur cluster defects, and later causes defects in heme and cytochrome c hemoprotein levels. Iron-sulfur (Fe/S) clusters are required in two enzymes of heme biosynthesis in humans i.e. in ferrochelatase and adrenodoxin. However, decreases in ferrochelatase activity have not been observed in frataxin-deficient HeLa cells or patient lymphoblasts. We knocked down frataxin in oligodendroglioma cells using siRNA, which produced significant defects in the activity of the Fe/S cluster enzymes adrenodoxin and aconitase, the adrenodoxin product heme a, and cytochrome oxidase, for which heme a serves as a prosthetic group. Exogenous hemin produced a significant rescue of adrenodoxin, aconitase, heme a levels and cytochrome oxidase activity. Thus hemin rescues iron-sulfur cluster defects that are the result of frataxin-deficiency, perhaps as a consequence of increasing the pool of bioavailable iron, and thus should be more fully tested for beneficial effects in Friedreich's ataxia models.