Sirtuin 1 is required for antagonist-induced transcriptional repression of androgen-responsive genes by the androgen receptor

Mol Endocrinol. 2007 Aug;21(8):1807-21. doi: 10.1210/me.2006-0467. Epub 2007 May 15.


Androgen antagonists or androgen deprivation is a primary therapeutic modality for the treatment of prostate cancer. Invariably, however, the disease becomes progressive and unresponsive to androgen ablation therapy (hormone refractory). The molecular mechanisms by which the androgen antagonists inhibit prostate cancer proliferation are not fully defined. In this report, we demonstrate that sirtuin 1 (SIRT1), a nicotinamide adenosine dinucleotide-dependent histone deacetylase (HDAC) linked to the regulation of longevity, is required for androgen antagonist-mediated transcriptional repression and growth suppression. Androgen antagonist-bound androgen receptor (AR) recruits SIRT1 and nuclear receptor corepressor to AR-responsive promoters and deacetylates histone H3 locally at the prostate-specific antigen promoter. Furthermore, SIRT1 down-regulation by small interfering RNA or by pharmacological means increased the sensitivity of androgen-responsive genes to androgen stimulation, enhanced the sensitivity of prostate cancer cell proliferative responses to androgens, and decreased the sensitivity of prostate cancer cells to androgen antagonists. In this study, we demonstrate the ligand-dependent recruitment of a class III HDAC into a corepressor transcriptional complex and a necessary functional role for a class III HDAC as a transcriptional corepressor in AR antagonist-induced transcriptional repression. Collectively, these findings identify SIRT1 as a corepressor of AR and elucidate a new molecular pathway relevant to prostate cancer growth and approaches to therapy.

Publication types

  • Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural
  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Androgen Antagonists / pharmacology*
  • Androgen Receptor Antagonists
  • Androgens / physiology*
  • Cell Line, Tumor
  • Down-Regulation / drug effects*
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Prostatic Neoplasms / drug therapy
  • Receptors, Androgen / physiology*
  • Sirtuin 1
  • Sirtuins / physiology*


  • Androgen Antagonists
  • Androgen Receptor Antagonists
  • Androgens
  • Receptors, Androgen
  • SIRT1 protein, human
  • Sirtuin 1
  • Sirtuins