AIDA Cefalee is a database for the management of headache patients developed on behalf of the Italian Neurological Association for Headache Research (ANIRCEF). The system integrates a diagnostic expert system able to suggest the correct ICHD-II diagnosis once all clinical characteristics of a patient's headache have been collected. The software has undergone a multicentre validation study to assess: its diagnostic accuracy; the impact of using the software on visit duration; the userfriendliness degree of the software interface; and patients' acceptability of computer-assisted interview. Five Italian headache centres participated in the study. The results of this study validate AIDA Cefalee as a reliable diagnostic tool for primary headaches that can improve diagnostic accuracy with respect to the standard clinical method without increasing the time length of visits even when used by operators with basic computer experience.