Self-efficacy and quality of life among stoma patients in Hong Kong

Cancer Nurs. May-Jun 2007;30(3):186-93. doi: 10.1097/01.NCC.0000270704.34296.86.

Abstract

Stoma patients are vulnerable to poor psychosocial health outcomes owing to the loss of an important bodily function and the distortion of their self-image. We used a cross-sectional, descriptive, and correlational design to investigate the relationship between self-efficacy and quality of life of stoma patients in Hong Kong and to examine the association between self-efficacy and stoma patients' sociodemographic characteristics. Using a convenience sampling method, 96 patients (mean age, 64 years) were recruited from 2 acute hospitals. Significant correlations were found between the Chinese Stoma Self-efficacy Scale and the Chinese Short-Form Health Survey 36 subscale scores (from r = 0.21, P = .039, to r = 0.59, P < .001). Significant positive correlations were also found between the 2 Chinese Stoma Self-efficacy subscales and all 8 of the Chinese Short-Form Health Survey 36 subscales. The results indicated that the self-efficacy and quality of life of stoma patients were correlated. Based on this study's results, self-efficacy is an important factor to consider in the provision of care to stoma patients. Specific interventions to enhance self-efficacy also need to be evaluated for their impact on the quality of life of stoma patients.

MeSH terms

  • Adult
  • Age Distribution
  • Aged
  • Aged, 80 and over
  • Caregivers / statistics & numerical data
  • Cross-Sectional Studies
  • Female
  • Health Status
  • Hong Kong / epidemiology
  • Humans
  • Intestinal Diseases / epidemiology
  • Intestinal Diseases / psychology*
  • Intestinal Diseases / surgery*
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Quality of Life*
  • Self Care / statistics & numerical data
  • Self Efficacy*
  • Sex Distribution
  • Socioeconomic Factors
  • Surgical Stomas / statistics & numerical data*