Evaluation of the potential role of water in spread of conidia of the Neotyphodium endophyte of Poa ampla

Mycol Res. 2007 Apr;111(Pt 4):466-72. doi: 10.1016/j.mycres.2007.02.002. Epub 2007 Feb 20.


Neotyphodium endophytes are asexual, filamentous fungi, mutualistically associated with diverse cool season grasses. Infected seeds and vegetative organs of infected host plants are the only known modes of propagation of the asexual endophytes. In the last decade certain Epichloë and Neotyphodium-infected grass species have been shown to have epiphyllous structures of the endophytes, hyphae, conidiophores, and conidia, growing on leaf blades. The production of epiphyllous conidia suggests the possibility that some of these endophytes may have the ability for plant-to-plant spread. The objective of this study was to determine the possible mechanisms involved in liberation and dispersal of asexual spores of Neotyphodium growing in vitro and epiphyllously on leaves of Poa ampla. Our results indicate that water dispersal is the most likely means of dissemination of conidia of the Neotyphodium sp. Wind generated by dry compressed air does not dislodge the conidia from slide cultures or from P. ampla leaves.

Publication types

  • Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural
  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Gardening
  • Hypocreales / isolation & purification
  • Hypocreales / physiology*
  • Poa / parasitology*
  • Spores, Fungal / metabolism
  • Water Microbiology*