An interferon signature in the peripheral blood of dermatomyositis patients is associated with disease activity

Mol Med. 2007 Jan-Feb;13(1-2):59-68. doi: 10.2119/2006-00085.Baechler.

Abstract

Recent studies have shown increased expression of interferon (IFN)-regulated genes in the peripheral blood cells of patients with systemic lupus erythematosus. A similar interferon signature has been observed in affected muscle tissue from patients with dermatomyositis (DM), but it has not yet been determined if this signature extends to the peripheral blood in DM. We performed global gene expression profiling of peripheral blood cells from adult and juvenile DM patients and healthy controls. Several interesting groups of genes were differentially expressed in DM, including genes with immune function, and others that function in muscle or are involved in mitochondrial/oxidative phosphorylation. Investigation of type I IFN-regulated transcripts revealed a striking interferon signature present in most DM patients studied. Levels of type I IFN-regulated proteins were also elevated in DM serum samples. Furthermore, both the transcript and serum protein IFN signatures were associated with disease activity. These data suggest that the IFN signature may be a useful marker for DM disease activity, and that sampling peripheral blood may be a more practical alternative to muscle biopsy for measuring this signature.

Publication types

  • Comparative Study
  • Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural
  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Adolescent
  • Adult
  • Aged
  • Biomarkers / blood
  • Blood Proteins / genetics
  • Case-Control Studies
  • Cluster Analysis
  • Dermatomyositis / blood*
  • Dermatomyositis / pathology*
  • Female
  • Gene Expression Profiling
  • Gene Expression Regulation
  • Humans
  • Interferon Type I / blood*
  • Interferon Type I / genetics*
  • Lupus Erythematosus, Systemic / blood
  • Lupus Erythematosus, Systemic / pathology
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Oligonucleotide Array Sequence Analysis
  • Whites / statistics & numerical data

Substances

  • Biomarkers
  • Blood Proteins
  • Interferon Type I