CDK11(p58), a G2/M-specific protein kinase, has been shown to be associated with apoptosis in many cell lines, with largely unknown mechanisms. Our previous study proved that CDK11(p58)-enhanced cycloheximide (CHX)-induced apoptosis in SMMC-7721 hepatocarcinoma cells. Here we report for the first time that ectopic expression of CDK11(p58) down-regulates Bcl-2 expression and its Ser70, Ser87 phosphorylation in CHX-induced apoptosis in SMMC-7721 cells. Overexpression of Bcl-2 counteracts the pro-apoptotic activity of CDK11(p58). Furthermore, we confirm that the kinase activity of CDK11(p58) is essential to the down-regulation of Bcl-2 as well as apoptosis. Taken together, these results demonstrate that CDK11(p58) down-regulates Bcl-2 in pro-apoptosis pathway depending on its kinase activity, which elicits survival signal in hepatocarcinoma cells.