Imaging techniques for detection and management of endoleaks after endovascular aortic aneurysm repair

Radiology. 2007 Jun;243(3):641-55. doi: 10.1148/radiol.2433051649.

Abstract

Endovascular aortic aneurysm repair (EVAR) is evolving into a viable alternative to open surgical repair for many patients with abdominal and thoracic aortic aneurysms. Endoleak development is a complication of EVAR and represents one of the limitations of this procedure. Endoleaks represent blood flow outside the stent-graft lumen but within the aneurysm sac. Lifelong imaging surveillance of patients after EVAR is critical to detect endoleaks for the patient's benefit and to determine the long-term performance of the stent-graft. Although computed tomographic angiography is the most commonly used examination for imaging surveillance, magnetic resonance angiography, ultrasonography, and digital subtraction angiography all have a role in endoleak detection and management. This review will focus on imaging techniques used for endoleak detection and the role imaging surveillance plays in the overall care of the post-EVAR patient.

Publication types

  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Aortic Aneurysm / complications
  • Aortic Aneurysm / diagnosis*
  • Aortic Aneurysm / surgery*
  • Blood Vessel Prosthesis / adverse effects*
  • Cardiovascular Surgical Procedures / adverse effects
  • Diagnostic Imaging / methods*
  • Humans
  • Postoperative Complications / diagnosis*
  • Postoperative Complications / etiology
  • Postoperative Complications / therapy*
  • Practice Guidelines as Topic
  • Practice Patterns, Physicians'
  • Stents / adverse effects*