Objective: To evaluate safety, pharmacokinetics, pharmacodynamics, and clinical response of single subcutaneous (s.c.) administrations of a human monoclonal antibody against the p40 subunit of IL-12/23 (IL-12/23 mAb) in subjects with moderate-to-severe psoriasis.
Methods: Twenty-one subjects were enrolled sequentially into 4 dose cohorts (0.27, 0.675, 1.35, and 2.7 mg/kg) and randomized to IL-12/23 mAb or placebo in a 4:1 ratio. Laboratory/clinical parameters and pharmacokinetics were evaluated through Week 24; mRNA cytokine expression was measured in psoriatic plaques at Week 1.
Results: Mostly mild adverse events and no serious adverse events were reported. The pharmacokinetics (Cmax and AUC) of IL-12/23 mAb increased in an approximately dose-proportional manner. Of the 17 subjects who received IL-12/23 mAb, 13 achieved PASI 75 (compared with no placebo subjects). mRNA expression of IL-8, IL-18, and IFN-gamma in psoriatic plaques decreased in subjects with sustained Psoriasis Area and Severity Index (PASI) improvement.
Limitations: Interpretation of results is limited due to the small sample size in each dose cohort.
Conclusion: A single s.c. administration of IL-12/23 mAb was well tolerated and showed clinical response in subjects with moderate-to-severe psoriasis.