The Mouse Pattern Electroretinogram

Doc Ophthalmol. 2007 Nov;115(3):145-53. doi: 10.1007/s10633-007-9059-8. Epub 2007 May 24.

Abstract

Mouse models of optic nerve disease such as glaucoma, optic neuritis, ischemic optic neuropathy, and mitochondrial optic neuropathy are being developed at increasing rate to investigate specific pathophysiological mechanisms and the effect of neuroprotective treatments. The use of these models may be greatly enhanced by the availability of non-invasive methods able to monitor retinal ganglion cell (RGC) function longitudinally such as the Pattern Electroretinogram (PERG). While the use of the PERG as a tool to probe inner retina function in mammals is known since 25 years, relatively less information is available for the mouse. Here, the PERG technique and the main applications in the mouse are reviewed.

Publication types

  • Evaluation Study
  • Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural
  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Animals
  • Apoptosis / physiology
  • Cell Division
  • Electroretinography / methods*
  • Electroretinography / standards
  • Glaucoma / diagnosis
  • Mice / physiology*
  • Optic Nerve Diseases / physiopathology
  • Psychophysics
  • Retina / cytology
  • Retina / growth & development
  • Retina / physiology*
  • Retina / physiopathology
  • Retinal Ganglion Cells / cytology
  • Vision, Ocular / physiology
  • Visual Acuity