We have isolated a snf1/ccr1 mutant of Saccharomyces cerevisiae which loses viability upon starvation and fails to accumulate glycogen in response to abrupt depletion of phosphate or glucose. A snf1 null mutant is sensitive to heat stress and starvation and fails to accumulate glycogen during growth in rich medium. The phenotypes of the snf1 mutants are those commonly associated with an overactivation of the adenylate cyclase pathway. Mutations in adenylate cyclase or RAS2 which decrease the level of cAMP in the cell moderate the snf1 phenotype. In contrast, a mutation in RAS2 (RAS2val19) which increases the level of cAMP or a mutation in the regulatory subunit (BCY1) of cAMP-dependent protein kinase which results in unregulated cAMP-dependent protein kinase activity accentuates the snf1 phenotype. However, the action of SNF1 in the stress response appears at least partly independent of cAMP-dependent protein kinase because a snf1 phenotype is observed in a strain that lacks all three of the genes that encode the catalytic subunits of cAMP-dependent protein kinase. SNF1 therefore acts at least in part through a cAMP-independent pathway.