Variation in adult asthma prevalence in Hispanic subpopulations in New York City

J Asthma. 2007 May;44(4):297-303. doi: 10.1080/02770900701344140.


Background: We compared asthma prevalence among New York City Hispanics-Puerto Rican, Dominican, and other Hispanics-in relation to nativity, socioeconomic status, and asthma risk factors.

Methods: Weighted logistic regression analyses on telephone survey data for New York City (NYC) adults in 2003/2004.

Results: Asthma prevalence was highest among Puerto Ricans (11.8%) compared with Dominicans and other Hispanics. Non-US-born Dominicans and other Hispanics were significantly less likely to report current asthma than were Puerto Ricans (OR = 0.27, 95% CI 0.18-0.41 and OR = 0.17, 95% CI 0.11-0.26, respectively). In multivariate analyses, US-born Dominicans and other Hispanics had rates comparable to Puerto Ricans.

Conclusions: Puerto Ricans, both mainland- and native-born, report the highest rates of adult asthma. Non-US-born Hispanics report lower rates. Acculturation and patterns of residential settlement may account for this variation.

MeSH terms

  • Acculturation
  • Adolescent
  • Adult
  • Aged
  • Air Pollution, Indoor
  • Asthma / ethnology*
  • Cross-Sectional Studies
  • Emigration and Immigration
  • Female
  • Hispanic or Latino*
  • Humans
  • Insurance Coverage
  • Insurance, Health
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • New York City / epidemiology
  • Prevalence
  • Risk Factors
  • Smoking
  • Socioeconomic Factors